What are the different materials used for jewelry?

While making jewelry a number of different materials are used including Gold, diamond, platinum, titanium, gemstones, copper, cobalt and stainless steel. All materials have their separate importance.

The manufacture of jewelry is also an advantageous industry. In the manufacture of jewelry different materials are used. First of all, before the creation of jewelry, we should categorize certain products.

Since thousands of years, we have made gems and other precious embellishments. In past times, every nation used to wear necklaces, bracelets, rings, earrings and everyone was eager to produce these beautiful animals. We were not so sophisticated in old days, which was why the method of manufacture of precious jewelry was commonly used. But machinery is now used for many days in the manufacture of jewelry, often of various materials.

we should consider the pros and cons of such products. These materials are used for jewelry making. After that, we can pick up which material is the best and economic to make jewelry after weighing all the advantages and disadvantages.

The following metals and materials are used for production of jewelry items:

  • Silver:

This metal has to do with our forefathers. For prehistoric days, we have used this metal for jewelry. The metal that we use in the making jewelry is also very beautiful and well-designed. The greatest use in history of silver was to make coins and use them as currency. While at that time, using silver metals for jewelry was the second main application.


  • artisans prefer Silver because Silver is very soft and malleable.
  • Metal is highly reactive also in silver. 
  • Silver’s cheap and have antibacterial properties that make it extremely nice to use. This is why people want to wear silver as pieces of jewelry.
  • Silver is durable and has a longer lifespan compared to other metals and costume jewelry.


  • Silver has some drawbacks at the same time, however:
  • Silver is soft to make it easy to make scratches. 
  • It is acid and base-sensitive. 
  • In contrast to other metals, silver can easily tarnish i.e. take on blue and black color.
  • Silver has copper contents in it that’s why some people are allergic to silver. 
  • Gold:

In our everyday lives we are all conscious of the value of gold. Gold is very important and a status symbol for our communities. Gold is very important. Gold is graded karats of bright reddish metal. Gold has also been used as a coin currency. Dinar is the well-known old-age currency tat. Our monetary policy is now a few days even dependent on a country’s gold reservoirs.

New gold worldwide is consumed by 50% in jewelry, 40% in investment and 10% in the industry.


Gold’s one of the world’s finest metals. 

Gold jewelry is required from any wedding band. 

Gold is a malt-proof metal and acid-resistant.

Gold is less allergic because it has no copper content in it.


There are also gold drawbacks, which are debated as:

Gold is costly than all other metals.

If used regularly, it can be scratched easily.

If nickel is present in gold, it can cause problems to metal allergic people. 

  • Platinum:

It is also a metal used for jewelry manufacturing. Gold and silver are tougher. Therefore, relative to gold and silver, it is less malleable.

In order to decrease the hardness and make it more malleable, different metals are mixed with platinum, such as copper, palladium and titanium.


Platinum is much more costly than silver and gold. 

It is acid-resistant, never tarnishing. 

Platinum is colored white, never fading.


Platinum gemstones are heavier than silver and gold.

Platinum is more expensive than all silver and gold as it is rarer than silver and gold. 

  • Titanium:

its name was on the titans in Greek methodology. Titanium is silver in color discovered in 1791. It is also a metal used in manufacturing of jewelry items. 

Mohs hardness is a scale that was introduced to measure the hardness of the materials. Titanium is rated 6 on that scale. That indicates that titanium is very hard. Titanium has the highest strength-weight ratio among all metals in the world. the scale shows the similar properties when it rates titanium at 6. 


Titanium is hypoallergenic.

It is resistant to scratches.

Titanium is light weighted and easy to color.

Corrosion can’t affect titanium. 


Titanium is vey expensive and rare metal.

It is not easy to resize. i.e. it is not easy to malleable. 

  • Base metals:

The metals that are oxidized easily are called base metals. Base metals included copper, brass, zinc and bronze. 

They are all used in making jewelry items.


It is reddish orange color that is often used in making jewelry, electrical purposes etc.

Copper is soft and less expensive metal. 

It is used as an alloy in making jewelry items. 


It is an alloy of copper and zinc. It is used in making jewelry and play important role in alloy formation. Then alloy combines with main metals such as gold, silver and platinum. 

  • Stainless steel:

Stainless steel is an iron alloy. It is used in place of iron mostly. Many jewelry making tools are made from steel such as files, drill bits, saw blades, mandrels and hammers, to name but a few. 

It is also used in industries and in making surgical instruments. 

  • Pearl:

Pearl is formed in the soft tissues of mollusks, oysters etc. naturally, pearls are very rare. They are present in the depths of oceans. 

That’s why 99% pearls are artificially cultured pearls. These pearls are used in making jewelry items. 

Gemstones are also used in making jewelry items. Gemstones include diamonds and other precious stones. These are all very precious and important for jewelry industry.


Mostly the materials that are used in making jewelry are discussed above. These materials are very important and rare that’s why jewelry items are much more expensive.